Tuesday, October 28, 2014

Collectivism (Wikipedia)

Collectivism is any philosophic, political, religious, economic, or social outlook that emphasizes the interdependence of every human. Everything is produced by society, so everything and everybody should be controlled by and/or belong to society, which in practical terms is the government. Collectivism is a basic cultural element that exists as the reverse of individualism in human nature (in the same way high context culture exists as the reverse of low context culture). Collectivist orientations stress the importance of cohesion within social groups (such as an "in-group", in what specific context it is defined) and in some cases, the priority of group goals over individual goals. Collectivists often focus on community, society, nation or country. The government is seen as the primary means toward achieving true freedom and justice. Thus they believe that the more power the government has, the more empowered the people are. It has been used as an element in many different and diverse types of government and political, economic and educational philosophies throughout history and most human societies in practice contain elements of both individualism and collectivism. Some examples of collectivist cultures include Pakistan, India and Japan.

Collectivism can be divided into horizontal (or egalitarian) collectivism in which government typically owns the means of production (which necessarily includes the people themselves) e.g. socialismcommunism andvertical (or hierarchical) collectivism in which private property is tolerated so long as it serves the State e.g. fascism. Horizontal collectivism stresses collective decision-making among equal individuals, and is thus usually based on decentralization and egalitarianism. In practice however, the masses are not considered intelligent or informed enough to accept collectivization, so a Vanguard of educated and wise people must have wide powers to protect the leadership and polices from pressure. Vertical collectivism is based on hierarchical structures of power and on moral and cultural conformity, and is therefore based on centralization and hierarchy. In all types of collectivism, leadership and policies cannot be subject to a popular mandate, because when the economy suffers setbacks, the people might vote for people who would undermine the collective by pushing for individual liberties instead. A cooperative enterprise would be an example of privately owned and operated horizontal collective, but as it is voluntary would be competing with companies that operate with profit-oriented structures, they would need to make sure to offer goods and services that consumers would want and at competitive prices. Amilitary hierarchy would be an example of vertical collectivism.[1]



Culture and politicsEdit

Collectivism is a basic element of human culture that exists independently of any one political system and has existed since the founding of human society ten thousand years ago. It is a feature that all societies use to some degree or another and therefore an inherent feature of human nature. For example, monarchical societies often had a system of "social ranks" which were collectivist because the social rank one had or did not have was more important than his or her individual will, and the specific rank in question could only be overridden in very limited cases. An example of collectivism in more modern times are the police and fire departments. All individuals (except in rare cases) are expected to pay taxes to these organizations and their will has been overridden in making them do so under law, thus they are collectivist institutions. We also see, that in regards to a police department, an individual can be detained whether he or she wishes to or not, overriding his or her will as an example of collectivism.

An example of a collectivist political system is representative democracy, as in such systems, after voting occurs and a leader has been chosen by the populace everyone is expected to accept that individual as their leader regardless of whether they voted for them or not. For example, in the United States Presidential election of 2012 Barack Obama received a majority of the electoral college votes cast, and the opposition was expected to submit to letting him lead them whether or not they had originally voted for him. The will of the "collective" (President Obama voters) mattered more and is considered "collectivist" because ultimately, the totality of decision by the voters in the country, expressed through the electoral college system, was more important than the will of any single individual in that context.

Though all human societies contain elements of both individualism and collectivism by definition (if not they would become unstable), some societies are on the whole more collectivist and some on the whole more individualist. In collectivist societies, the group is considered more important than any one individual and groups in such societies are expected to "take care" of their members and individuals are expected to "take care" of the group (usually called an "in-group") that they are a member of. Harmony within these groups is considered paramount. For example, it may be considered "inappropriate" for a member of an in-group to openly criticize another in public (though they are often allowed to do so in private). Collectivism does have its advantages as compared to individualist societies as people in collectivist societies almost always have access to a "group" and as such are known to be considered "happier", "less lonely", and have lower rates of mental illness in studies done by psychologists and political scientists. People in individual societies are known to feel "lonely" at some times or another compared to their collectivist counterparts. Many people also find it easier, to live in a society where social harmony is stressed and groups by definition remain more cohesive than in individualist societies where groups are observed to be inherently less stable. However, it depends on the preference of an individual if they wish to live in a collectivist society like Japan or an individualist one like the United States. One type could not be said to be better than another and both are known tce of human nature.

45 Best Mobile Apps and Tools for Marketers: How to Manage Social Media From Anywhere

By Kevan LeeOCTOBER 27, 201415 Comments

You get a ton done when you’re at your computer, speeding away on the day’ssocial media strategy.

Might there be a way to wring someproductivity when you’re away from your desk?

Mobile apps and tools can make it so a marketer’s entire day is filled with opportunities to connect, engage, and share. You can get more done while commuting, lounging, waiting, and any time when you’re not tethered to a desktop or laptop.

Which apps are best for social media marketers?

I gave a huge number of them a test run and came up with 45 amazingly useful apps that can help you accomplish social media marketing tasks with a tap, swipe, or touch.

I’d love to hear which ones are your favorites, and if I missed any that you love to use.

45 best mobile apps for your social media marketing

Dashboards and clients for social media management

1. Buffer

You can schedule updates to multiple accounts on Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, and Google+, as well as follow-up with statistics on how each post performed. The newest version of the iOS app allows for sharing and scheduling from inside other popular apps like Safari. Find an awesome link in your browser? Share it to Buffer without ever leaving the app.

> Download for iOS and Android

Other options –

HootsuiteSprout SocialEverypost
Seesmic

2. Tweetbot

One of the most popular Twitter clients out there, Tweetbot lets you organize and interact with your Twitter stream in whichever way is most productive for you. Separate the stream into lists or channels, and tweet, respond, and reply directly from within the app.

> Download for iOS

Other options –

TweetcasterEchofon

3. Facebook Pages Manager

You can enjoy complete page management controls via this Facebook app, making life super easy for admins who need to make changes on the fly, while you’re on the go.

> Download for iOS and Android

4. Flow for Instagram

Have you ever tried to view Instagram from an iPad? It can be a bit tough. The official app isn’t universal, so everything that’s made for iPhone gets stretched to fit iPad. Flow for Instagram solves some of these quibbles with an iPad-specific display of your Instagram feed. You can browse, like, comment, and follow, all from right within the app.

> Download for iPad

Useful tools for social media marketing tasks

5. Dropbox

Access important files from anywhere, and share with your team members whether you’re at your desk or out and about. The app is great for previewing shared files like images, perhaps in advance of an upcoming social media campaign.

> Download for iOS and Android

6. Evernote

For note-taking and remembering, it’s tough to beat Evernote. In addition to being an all-encompassing to-do list and swipe file, the mobile app lets you snap a picture of something you wish to remember, and Evernote can pull out text and context from inside the image.

> Download for iOS and Android

7. Asana

Asana is one of the most popular project management services, and their mobile app brings tasks, to-dos, and organization to your phone or tablet, too. Their mobile versions—iPad especially—are useful, intuitive, and beautiful.

> Download for iOS and Android

Other options –

Basecamp

8. Trello

At Buffer, we rely on Trello for a huge number of organizational jobs. It helps us track bugs in our Buffer product, and it’s how we arrange our content calendar each week. Being able to edit, rearrange, and add from a mobile device is a huge benefit when you’re suddenly onto a new idea.

> Download for iOS and Android

9. HipChat

Distributed teams can get a ton of use out of HipChat for team communication (traditional offices, too). And if you happen to be away from your desk, you can still stay in touch with the conversation, even receiving notifications when someone mentions you directly.

> Download for iOS and Android

Other options –

Slack

10. Nimble

Nimble is a super-powerful contacts manager that integrates seamlessly with the social profiles of each of your contacts. Stay connected to your network, and grow your following on your social accounts by syncing your contacts with Nimble.

> Download for iOS

11. Mention

One of our favorite social listening tools, Mention helps you find and follow up with brand mentions all over the web—blogposts, social media updates, and anywhere else your keywords come up.

> Download for iOS and Android

Other options –

BuzzcaptureMentions

12. IFTTT

There are hundreds of IFTTT recipes you can try to supercharger your social media sharing. The IFTTT app makes it easy to connect services, including the biggest social media sites and your most-used services.

> Download for iOS and Android

Amazing image creation tools for on-the-go graphics

13. Over

Add stunning text to beautiful images. The result: a super shareable piece of visual content that will engage your audience.

> Download for iOS and Android

Other options –

WordSwag

14. Photo Editor by Aviary

To quickly create awesome images—either from the shots you take from your phone or from existing images you’ve uploaded to your camera roll—you can use Aviary’s rich suite of editing tools.

> Download for iOS and Android

Other options –

Adobe Photoshop Touch

15. Canva

One of our go-to resources for creating images for social media, Canva’s new app brings all the features from the web right onto your iPad. Tap on templates, and drag elements into place to create a cool image to share—and share directly when you’re done thanks to Canva’s integrated social sharing.

> Download for iPad

Content apps for finding and sharing the latest news and links

16. Feedly

Feedly is our go-to app for subscribing to RSS feeds and discovering new content to share on social media. It integrates with all the same great apps as the web version (like Pocket and Buffer), and the forward-thinking gestures on iOS are something to behold—e.g., double-tap to close stories, swipe down to go to the next page.

> Download for iOS and Android

17. Flipboard

Flipboard takes content from an RSS feed, Twitter list, or category and displays it in a beautiful, flippable magazine format. It’s a great resource for discovering new content and for staying on top of a category or topic.

> Download for iOS and Android

18. Daily

A fun app we built here at Buffer, Daily provides a hand-picked stack of articles that you can share or skip with a simple swipe. It’s like Tinder for content, and it connects straight to your Buffer queue for easy scheduling.

> Download for iOS

19. Mashable

Stay on top of the latest news and trends that are happening in social media by keeping tabs on the Mashable app. All the breaking stories and interesting reads that show up on Mashable can also be viewed here.

> Download for iOS and Android

20. TED

Needing some inspiration from one of the world’s best presentations? Pull up a TED talk on your phone or tablet. The TED app contains all the best presentations from their archives, and after watching, you can easily share the ones you most enjoy.

> Download for iOS and Android

21. Prismatic

The Prismatic app learns from your content tastes and ends up finding and delivering content that is catered to you. It gets smarter the more you use it.

> Download for iOS

Nice-to-have tools to fill out your social media apps toolbox

22. Dashboard for Google Analytics

Check in on your traffic stats and campaign results from your phone. Dashboard for Google Analytics shows an easy-to-understand display of your analytics, great for seeing how your social media campaigns are faring.

> Download for iOS

Other options –

AnalytiksGoogle Analytics for AndroidgAnalyticsAnalytics Pro

23. Google Drive

All your files are here—completely editable and shareable. Even when you’re offline, you can access and view all your files and documents.

> Download for iOS and Android

Other options –

GoDocs

24. MailChimp

If you use MailChimp for your email management, their mobile app is a super helpful way to manage your list and your campaigns on the go. Send campaigns (and edit via a companion iPad app), view stats, and manage your list, all from your phone or tablet.

> Download for iOS and Android

Other options –

aWeberCampaign Monitor

25. Gather

Another useful app from the MailChimp team, Gather lets you send text messages to your subscribers to keep them updated at events.

> Download for iOS and Android

26. Chimpadeedo

MailChimp’s email capture app, Chimpadeedo is super useful for conferences and merch tables. Turn the app on, and people can sign themselves up for your list in seconds.

> Download for iOS and Android

27. Mailchimp Snap

And finally (last MailChimp app – I swear!), with Snap you can send an email based on an image you take on your mobile phone. The app syncs with your existing lists, and it grabs your new photo or a photo from your camera roll to place into an email with your chosen text and template.

> Download for iOS

28. Hangouts

Need to connect quickly with a coworker when you’re away from the office? Google Hangouts on mobile can come in super handy in a pinch. Connect and chat with your friends or coworkers, regardless of what device they’re using.

> Download for iOS and Android

Other options –

SqwiggleSkype

29. Overcast

If you’re into podcasts for learning or sharing, there are a handful of great apps to try, starting with Overcast. Find podcasts via search, then build a playlist and listen from the app—offline or online.

> Download for iOS

Other options –

PodcastsStitcherPod WranglerDownboardPocket Casts

30. TapTalk

Tap a friend’s profile picture to send them a photo or video. This popular social messaging app can be useful for remote teams, conferences, retreats, and more.

> Download for iOS and Android

31. Paper

The content app from Facebook takes the vital links and information from your News Feed and delivers it in a nicely-dressed package, perfect for on-the-go consumption.

> Download for iOS

32. WiFi Finder

If you’re in need of a wifi spot to get work done, pull up this app to see which networks are available in your vicinity.

> Download for iOS and Android

33. WordPress

Our Buffer blog runs on WordPress, and so do tens of thousands of others. The WordPress mobile app makes it easy to manage everything about your site, and it works both for WordPress.com sites and for self-hosted sites.

> Download for iOS and Android

Other options –

TinydeskSimplenote

34. SlideShare

View and organize all your favoriteSlideShare presentations from your mobile device. The app even lets you store presentations for offline viewing when you’re not connected to the Internet.

> Download for iOS and Android

All the official apps of the major social media channels

35. Facebook

All the features you’ve come to know and love form the web version of Facebook. And when you log in to the Facebook app, you can then quickly and easily manage Facebook logins at other sites and apps, too.

> Download for iOS and Android

36. Twitter

A really wonderful interpretation of the Twitter stream and profiles, with easy links to lists, direct messages, and notifications.

> Download for iOS and Android

37. LinkedIn

The best way to manage your professional contacts on-the-go. You can check out your connections, post updates, and even discover, save, and apply to recommended jobs:

> Download for iOS and Android

38. Google+

An intuitive and fast way to browse through your Google+ feed and manage your profile and page.

> Download for iOS and Android

39. Instagram

One of the fastest-growing social networks, the photo app is the biggest one on this list that remains app-only. If you want to run a visual marketing strategy through Instagram, you’ll need the app.

The app has taken lots of strides in the past few months, including the release of Hyperlapse video. See below for an example.

> Download for iOS and Android

40. Pinterest

Simple and intuitive to view, like, and repin. The Pinterest app is ideal for idle browsing, and it supports sharing to Pinterest from browsers and other apps.

> Download for iOS and Android

New and fringe social media channels to try

41. Snapchat

With Snapchat, you can take a photo and share a photo, then the photo disappears after your friend views it. Marketers are still figuring out how best to take advantage of this. Some early pioneersinclude McDonald’s, Taco Bell, and General Electric.  

> Download for iOS and Android

42. WhatsApp

The mobile messaging app (that is now owned by Facebook) lets you send text messages to friends and colleagues. Like Snapchat, this is one that marketers are still feeling out. There have been lots of articles written on how marketers might take advantage of WhatsApp.

> Download for iOS and Android

 

43. Vine

The microvideo app from Twitter lets you record six-second videos that play on a loop. The integration with Twitter is seamless, so your videos will appear and play with ease. Some great use cases so far have been brands using it for how-to videos, like this one from Lowe’s. 

> Download for iOS and Android

44. Tumblr

For brands on Tumblr, you’ll find the same great features and tools from the web version here in the mobile app, including a powerful hashtag search and easy profile edits.

> Download for iOS and Android

45. Quora

The crowdsourced answers website has a lot of neat uses for marketers, especially as a source for information and content ideas. You can check in on the latest questions and topics from the app.

> Download for iOS and Android

Conclusion

As you can see, there are a huge number of helpful apps for marketers to try. You probably don’t need all 45 on your phone, but hopefully you identified a few that can help make your marketing efforts all the more efficient.

Which mobile marketing apps do you use? I’d love to hear your favorites in the comments.

Image sources: BlurgroundsIcon FinderDeath to the Stock Photo

Monday, October 27, 2014

Suicide bomber kills 27 militiamen in Iraq, all eyes on Kobani Reuters By Michael Georgy 1 hour ago

By Michael Georgy

BAGHDAD (Reuters) - A suicide bomber killed at least 27 Shi'ite militiamen on the outskirts of the Iraqi town of Jurf al-Sakhar on Monday after security forces pushed Islamic State militants out of the area over the weekend, army and police sources said.

The attacker, driving a Humvee vehicle packed with explosives and likely stolen from defeated government troops, also wounded 60 Shi'ite militiamen, who had helped government forces retake the town just south of the capital.

Holding Jurf al-Sakhar is critical for Iraqi security forces who finally managed to drive out the Sunni insurgents after months of fighting.

It could allow Iraqi forces to prevent the Sunni insurgents from edging closer to the capital Baghdad, sever connections to their strongholds in western Anbar province, and stop them infiltrating the mainly Shi'ite Muslim south.

The group has threatened to march on Baghdad, home to special forces and thousands of Shi'ite militias expected to put up fierce resistance if the capital comes under threat.

Gains against Islamic State, an al Qaeda offshoot made up of Arab and foreign fighters, are often fragile even with the support of U.S. airstrikes on militant targets in Iraq and neighboring Syria.

As Iraqi government soldiers and militias savored their victory and were taking photographs of Islamic State corpses on Sunday, mortar rounds fired by Islamic State fighters who had fled to orchards to the west rained down on Jurf al-Sakhar.

The blast hit the militiamen, killing dozens and scattering body parts, according to a Reuters witness.

The next significant fighting near Baghdad is expected to take place just to the west in the Sunni heartland Anbar province.

The town of Amriyat al-Falluja has been surrounded by Islamic State militants on three sides for weeks. Security officials say government forces are gearing up for an operation designed to break the siege.

Gains in the Islamic State stronghold of Anbar could raise the morale of Iraqi troops after they collapsed in the face of a lighting advance by the insurgents in the north in June.

NO LETUP TO THE VIOLENCE

Islamic State kept up the pressure on security forces on Monday, attacking soldiers, policemen and Shi'ite militiamen in the town of al-Mansuriyah, northeast of Baghdad. Six members of the Iraqi security forces were killed, police said.

Kurdish peshmerga fighters also made advances over the weekend against Islamic State, which has declared a caliphate in the heart of the Middle East and is determined to redraw the map of the oil-producing region.

Much attention is focused on the planned deployment of peshmerga to the besieged Syrian border town of Kobani, where fellow Kurds have been fending off an attack by Islamic State for 40 days.

Iraqi Kurdish officials and a member of the Kurdish administration in Syria said the peshmerga had been due to head to Kobani via Turkey on Sunday but their departure had been postponed.

"Until now they have not gone," said Sinam Mohammed, the Syrian Kurdish administration's representative in Europe. "They were supposed to go yesterday. They (KRG) says we are ready to send them but I don't know what happened. I think the problem is Turkey."

Iraqi Kurdish forces will not engage in ground fighting in the Syrian town of Kobani but provide artillery support for fellow Kurds there, a Kurdish spokesman has said.

Islamic State fighters have been trying to capture Kobani for over a month, pressing on despite U.S.-led air strikes on their positions and the deaths of hundreds of their fighters.

The Kurdish region's parliament voted last week to deploy some of its peshmerga forces, which have been fighting their own battle against Islamic State in the north.

There were heavy clashes and sporadic exchanges of mortar fire in Kobani on Monday, with several plumes of gray smoke rising over the east of the town, where fighting has been intense in recent days.

Islamic State militants tried to seize a border post just to the east of Kobani over the weekend but were repulsed by Kurdish fighters.

(Additional reporting by Dasha Afanasieva in Mursitpinar and Isabel Coles in Arbil, Editing by Angus MacSwan)

'Earth-sized' UFO orbiting Sun reported: New photos captured by NASA shows image

October 26, 20144:36 PM MSTFacebook 

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UFO the size of the Earth was observed entering or exiting the sun this weekend, which is seen in a series of pictures taken byNASA/SOHO states the latest report from UFO watchers. According to UFO Sights Daily on Oct. 25, the pictures of the sun are checked daily by the website’s monitor and what they saw in a picture on Friday is quite large.

NASA.gov

The spaceship, which would be the size of the Earth when compared in size to the sun, is solid and it doesn’t give off any flames or heat exchanges. This heat and flame-like action is going on all around the image on the sun’s surface. According to the website, Russian scientists alerted the world to UFO’s that enter the Sun’s orbit about five years ago.

This isn’t the first time a space ship has been reported orbiting the sun, though this latest captured image is humongous in comparison to most of the other reports. Live Science reported what looked like a spaceship back in April of 2012. It was another NASA picture that captured this image. This is just one of many.

The spacecraft reports that came from the Russians were said to often make a hard right angle turn and then a quick change in speed. This latest report is believed to be one of those ships. There is something in that picture the shape of a shark’s fin and extremely large. If you put an image of Earth next to the sun and that so-called ship captured in the picture, the ship would be as large as the Earth. The time-lapseNASA/SOHO pictures appear here.

A spaceship the size of Earth is almost impossible to fathom, that means they have a ship that’s the size of this world that they travel with. This would be like having a self-contained world, would it not? One of the first things that comes to mind when this ship is seen landing or exiting the sun is how does it withstand the heat?

They would have to be an exceptionally advanced civilization to create a material strong enough to ward of heat and fire damage as well as keep any living thing inside such a craft safe from the excruciating hot temperatures.

According to Space.com the temperature on the Sun varies, but it can reach 27 million degrees Fahrenheit or 15 million degrees Celsius. That kind of heat would incinerate any known material from a far distance away. Not to mention the radiation the sun gives off.

The object appears on the NASA picture so there’s no doubt that something was on the sun the size of the Earth and it didn’t

Sunday, October 26, 2014

Forever the Way

Born
Reborn
Born
Reborn
Born
Reborn
Phoenix
Says
Die me
Already
No more
Again
Again
Friend
Send
Depend
The End
Or mend

Rest Merry Gentlemen

Ruined beyond
Past exclusion
Papers
On fire
And higher
And higher
Still
My desire
Thrilled
Alive yet
Not inside
The dark pit
Soon
Or maybe
Already
What is the
Truth
What is
Truth
Galaxies
Upon
Galaxies
Expansion
Pockets
Catch
Water
Dropped
As honor
Dictates
Down
Down
My boy
Sound
Slices
And
How
Falfa eatin'
Onions
Awww
Stinky
Luck
End

Saturday, October 25, 2014

#Checkitout New Skydiving record!!!

Google New Record - ALAN EUSTACE Highest Skydive …: http://youtu.be/AsftfzBrVko

Thursday, October 23, 2014

Tear gas, rubber bullets in Lille, France, as Everton fans clash with police - reports

Published time: October 23, 2014 13:39

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ClashesFrance

French police have used water cannons and rubber bullets against the rioting English fans, who arrived in the country to support Liverpool side Everton in a Europa League match against Lille, local media report.

The clashes erupted at the Grand Place square in center of the city of Lille, Northern France. Everton football club has advised its fans to avoid the square where the unrest is taking place.

Ottawa gunman ‘identified’ as recent Muslim convert, high-risk traveler


Published time: October 23, 2014 03:35 
Edited time: October 23, 2014 09:33

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A tactical vehicle leaves the security perimeter on Wellington Street, just a couple blocks away from Parliament Hill, on October 22, 2014 in Ottawa, Canada.(AFP Photo / Mike Carroccetto)

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CanadaSecurity,ShootingTerrorism

While the name of the Ottawa gunman is yet to be announced, a number of officials told numerous media that the shooter is believed to be Michael Zehaf-Bibeau, a recent Muslim convert, allegedly designated as a high-risk traveler.

Michael Zehaf-Bibeau was born in Quebec as Michael Joseph Hall north of Montreal, two US officials told Reuters, claiming that American law enforcement agencies have been advised that the attacker recently converted to Islam.

AP sources also identified the man to be Zehaf-Bibeau. A Twitter account associated with Islamic State militants tweeted a photo they identified as the Ottawa shooter. The Globe and Mail reports that the shooter was designated a “high-risk traveler” by the Canadian authorities with his passport seized.

Montreal-based reporter Domenic Fazioli claims that Zehaf-Bibeau appears three times in Montreal's court database. Allegedly the recent convert was arrested five times, three times for drug possession and twice for violating parole conditions. His name also appears in Vancouver's court database on charges of robbery and making threats.

“I am not able to confirm that this is the same person responsible for the events in Ottawa,” Const. Brian Montague said. “Confirmation on suspect identity and information would have to come from the Ottawa Police Service or the RCMP... Due to the ongoing investigation, there is little information we can share at this time.”

Whether Zehaf-Bibeau was the only attacker that killed 24-year-old Nathan Cirillo and wounded at least 2 others is still unknown. Earlier Ottawa police spokesman Chuck Benoit said two or three gunmen were believed to be involved in the attacks, but at a press conference officials declined to comment on the possible number of shooters.

The news of the shooting broke at 9:52 am local time when the gunman killed a soldier at the National War Memorial before reportedly proceeding to the Parliament Hill's Center Block where he was shot dead by a 58-year-old sergeant Kevin Vickers.

“I looked out the window and saw a shooter, a man dressed all in black with a kerchief over his nose and mouth and something over his head as well, holding a rifle and shooting an honor guard in front of the cenotaph point-blank, twice,” Zobl told the Canadian Press news agency. “The honor guard dropped to the ground, and the shooter kind of raised his arms in triumph holding the rifle.”

The safety perimeter in the downtown core was lifted at 8:30 pm while Parliament Hill remains off limits to the public.

The attack on the Parliament in Ottawa comes two days after another recent convert to Islam, 25-year-old Martin Couture-Rouleau ran over a soldier and injured another with his car before being shot to death by police.

Couture-Rouleau was allegedly a supporter of Islamic State. On Tuesday, RCMP Commissioner Bob Paulson said Rouleau also had his passport revoked as he was one of the 90 people being looked at in an ongoing national security probe as he was attempting to travel to Syria.

OP-EDGE: ‘Ottawa shooting shouldn’t be used as pretext for stripping away more civil liberties'

Addressing the nation from an undisclosed location on Wednesday evening, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper said the country will never be intimidated by something like the two outrageous attacks this week.

“We will not be intimidated. Canada will never be intimidated,” Harper said, adding that quite the opposite this will “lead us to strengthen our resolve and redouble our efforts – and those of our national security agencies – to take all necessary steps to identify and counter threats and keep Canada safe here at home.”

Last Friday, the terrorism threat level in Canada was quietly elevated from low to medium for the first time since August 13, 2010, according to an internal document obtained by Global News.

“Intelligence indicates that an individual or group within Canada or abroad has the intent and capability to commit an act of terrorism. [Integrated Terrorism Assessment Centre] ITAC assesses that a violent act of terrorism could occur,” the document says.

The document warns that “self-directed extremists”inspired by the Islamic State are most likely to attack Canada through “small cells or as lone actors to carry out simple, small-scale attacks.” Authorities believe that some 130 Canadians are currently abroad supporting terrorism, including more than 30 in Iraq and Syria. At least 80 Canadians are believed to be back on home soil after visiting conflict zones, it says.

​‘They said I have Ebola’: Angry bus passengers attack Guinean woman in Rome

Published time: October 23, 2014 07:22

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Reuters / Max Rossi

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Ebola outbreak

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HealthHuman rights

A Guinean woman has been attacked in a bus in Rome by angry passengers who told her she was infected by Ebola and had to get off the bus, Italian media reports. She was taken to hospital suffering from multiple bruises.

‘I am a Liberian, not a virus’ campaign fights Ebola stigma plaguing West Africans

Fataomata Sompare, 26, was about to get off the bus on Monday, said Il Messaggero, an Italian newspaper, as cited by the Local.

A teenage girl who was on the bus with her friends saw Sompare and began accusing her of having the deadly virus. Then some of the teen’s relatives started beating the woman.

“They told me that I had Ebola and that I had to get off the bus,” said Sompare, who has been living in Italy for four years.

People at a bus stop near Grotte Celoni Metro station in the east of the city managed to save the woman, who suffered multiple bruises after being beaten by passengers. The police arrived and she was taken to hospital.

Ebola hysteria soars to new heights in US schools

The incident was reported to public prosecutors by Sompare’s lawyer.

“[She is] a victim of racism, which is now rampant in this city,” the Sompare’s partner Alessandro Corbelli told Il Messaggero. He added that the incident was “shameful” and she had been attacked “only because she’s black.”

The incident is not the only example of Ebola hysteria in recent days. In the US, Ebola-phobic parents sent a Maine teacher on mandatory leave after he returned from Dallas, where first victim of the virus in the country died. In Mississippi, parents pulled their kids out of school because of the principal’s trip to Zambia.

The death toll from the Ebola virus has reached 4,877 people for far, the World Health Organization said on Wednesday.

According to the UN health body, 9,936 people in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, the three countries worst-affected by the virus, have contracted the disease.